pediatric Exams

 

good eye health starts early

 

Even before your child may need eyeglass correction, Preschool age is a good time to evaluate your child’s eye health, eye muscle coordination, depth perception, color vision, and focusing skills to detect problems early and insure their best learning performance.

At about 3 years of age children have achieved adequate expressive language skills to begin to cooperate for some of the traditional eye and vision tests.  We utilize appropriate test procedures based on your child's developmental age and specific capability. 

It is important to evaluate the interrelationships between learning difficulties and your child’s vision, eye coordination and focusing skills.  Vision problems and disorders can interfere with children's abilities to perform to their potential.

The goals of our pediatric eye and vision examination are to evaluate the functional status of the eyes and visual system and to assess ocular health and related systemic health conditions in a comfortable and enjoyable environment for your child.

 
 
 
 
Amblyopia

Amblyopia is the medical term used when the vision of one eye is reduced because it fails to work properly with the brain. The eye itself looks normal, but for various reasons the brain favors the other eye. This condition is also sometimes called lazy eye.

Amblyopia is the most common cause of visual impairment among children, affecting approximately 2 to 3 out of every 100 children. Unless it is successfully treated in early childhood, amblyopia usually persists into adulthood. It is also the most common cause of monocular (one eye) visual impairment among young and middle-aged adults.

Amblyopia can result from any condition that prevents the eye from focusing clearly.

Amblyopia can be caused by:

  • Strabismus- the misalignment of the two eyes. With strabismus, the eyes can cross in (esotropia) or turn out (exotropia).
  • Occasionally, amblyopia is caused by a clouding of the front part of the eye, a condition called cataract.
  • Refractive- high or different prescriptions in the eyes. A common cause of amblyopia is the inability of one eye to focus as well as the other one. Amblyopia can occur when one eye is more nearsighted, more farsighted, or has more astigmatism.
 

Treating amblyopia involves forcing the child to use the eye with weaker vision. A common way to treat amblyopia is Patching.   An adhesive patch is worn over the stronger eye for weeks to months. This therapy forces the child to use the eye with amblyopia. Patching stimulates vision in the weaker eye and helps parts of the brain involved in vision develop more completely.
Previously, eye care professionals thought that treating amblyopia would be of little benefit to older children. Although treating children as early as possible yield the best results, studies show many children from ages 7 to 17 years old benefited from treatment for amblyopia.